Obesity is a complex disease that acts as a precursor to Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease, and lipid imbalances, to name a few. By definition, obesity is classified by having an BMI greater than 29.9, and it can also be measured using waist circumference. While it is a dangerous problem that affects more than 30% of U.S adults, it could be preventable with the help of a medical professional. There are many factors that contribute to obesity. From genetics to social environments, a multi-disciplinary approach is necessary to address the issues that foster obesity.
- Genetics: While it may not be a modifiable risk factor, identifying genetic predispositions can improve dietary approaches towards obesity and promote the use of dietary supplements.
- Social environment: The environment has changed drastically in the past century. Portion distortion is a big issue when eating out, and fast food convenience is still rampant. Adopting a new lifestyle will help swap certain choices for healthier alternatives.
- Psychological: The mind and food form a strong connection. People tend to tie birthday cakes with celebration, and comfort foods with emotions. An unhealthy psychological onnection with food can lead to yo-yo dieting and binge-eating.
Endocrinologists focus on the entire aspect of obesity by monitoring all metabolic processes and predicting any future comorbidities. They work with the patient to construct an ideal plan for weight loss using diet and exercise, and even provide weight loss medications if necessary. Throughout the entire weight loss journey, patients learn a new lifestyle where healthy choices are preferred, and general wellness is optimal.
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